Glossary about awnings and covering systems

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Awning Glossary

ALUMINIUM
Aluminium or aluminum is the chemical element in the periodic table that has the symbol Al and atomic number 13. It is a silvery and ductile member of the poor metal group of chemical elements. Aluminium is found primarily as the ore bauxite and is remarkable for its resistance to corrosion (due to the phenomenon of passivation) and its light weight. Aluminium is used in many industries to make millions of different products and is very important to the world economy. Structural components made from aluminium and its alloys are vital to the aerospace industry and very important in other areas of transportation and building in which light weight, durability, and strength are needed.

AWNING
An awning is a secondary covering attached to the exterior wall of a building. It is typically composed of canvas or acrylic cloth that is stretched tightly over a light structure of aluminum, iron or steel, and possibly wood. The configuration of this structure is something of a truss, space frame or planar frame. The location of an awning on a building is either above a window, a door, or above the area along a sidewalk. With the addition of columns an awning is able to extend enough from a building to line an entryway, as in the case of an entrance to a hotel. Restaurants often use awnings broad enough to cover substantial outdoor area for outdoor dining, parties, or reception. In commercial buildings such as these, an awning is often painted with information as to the name, business, and address, thus acting as a sign or billboard in addition to providing shade from the sun, break from steep winds and dryness from rain or snow.
Some aawnings have aluminium or other materials instead of fabric. These are more durable than fabric and do not deterioate in rain or tear under the weight of snow. Although light colored awnings may give a light, airy feel to the area, they let more sunlight through than darker shades. They are therefore they are less economical.


CANOPY
Canopy is an overhead roof or structure that provides shade or shelter. A canopy can also be a tent, generally without floor.
A canopy is an architectural projection that provides weather protection, identity or decoration, and is supported by the building to which it is attached and a ground mounting, by not less than two stanchions (upright support posts). A canopy is comprised of a structure over which a fabric or metal covering is attached.
Fabric canopies can meet various design needs. Many modern fabrics are long-lasting, bright, easily cleaned, strong and flame-retardant. Modern frame materials offer high strength-to-weight ratios and corrosion resistance. The proper combination of these properties can result in safe, strong, economical and attractive products.


DECK
In architecture, a deck is a flat surface capable of supporting weight, similar to a floor but typically constructed outdoors and usually connected to a building. The term is a generalization of decks as found on ships.
Wood or timber "decking" can be used in a number of ways - as part of garden landscaping, to extend living areas of houses, and as an alternative to stone based features such as patios.


PATIO
(From the Spanish: "Patio"= Back Garden or Back Yard) A patio garden is an outdoor garden space generally used for dining or recreation that often adjoins a residence and is typically paved. Specifically, it may refer to a roofless inner courtyard of the sort found in Spanish-style dwellings.

RETRACTABLE AWNING
Retractable Awnings are now becoming very popular with property owners. Retractable Awnings can include the following types: Lateral Arm Type Can shade a patio on a hot day and be retracted manually or with a motor to allow the sun to shine when desired. Screens to keep bugs out are now sometimes fitted. Side Arm Type Commonly used to shade windows Tension Shade Used to shade sunrooms.

ROOF
The roof, the top covering of a building, is one of the universal structures found on all buildings. Its purpose is primarily to shed water off the building and to prevent it from accumulating on top. To achieve this goal, Roofs may be highly pitched (sloped) or low sloped in form. Low sloped roofs are commonly found on industrial/commercial type structures. Pitched roofs are the primary design found on residential homes.

TELESCOPIC AWNING
Old-type telescopes were often made from tube sections that slid inside each other for easier stowage when not being used. As a result, anything that can lengthen and shorten in this way is said to be telescopic (adjective), and the process of shortening in this way is called telescoping

VERANDAH
A verandah is a large balcony on the level of a ground floor.
Veranda is a brand of composite decking and railing which is a wood-alternative offering the look of wood without the drawbacks of corroding, splintering, termite damage, or decay. It is a composite material composed of recycled wood and plastic. It is non-toxic and environmentally friendly.



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